IBON International, IBON Institute for International Development View Online
This publication is a collection of critical papers written by fourteen CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE) member organizations undertaking development work in twenty-fve countries. Guided by the UNDG Common Understanding of the Human Rights-Based Approach (HRBA), contributions by CPDE CSO members examine HRBA in Development Partnerships for sustainable development particularly in working to attain the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030. These multi-stakeholder partnerships include those which involve governments, donors, the private sector, civil society organizations, and local communities.
Policy and implementation as well as outcomes and impacts of the absence or presence of HRBA in different stages of project development in development partnerships reviewed were evaluated by contributors with focus on communities directly affected by activities under discussed projects and programmes, which should ideally promote economic equality, gender justice, social inclusion, decent work, environmental sustainability and human rights.
Authors conducted in-depth literature reviews as well as investigations on experiences in projects and programmes with elements intended to give benefciary access to basic human rights such as education, health provisions, and various infrastructures for the said purpose. In many featured cases, the price that came with such intentions were found to be grave and yielding more harm than good. Examples of these are the loss of shelter, hindrances to livelihood opportunities, and health hazards as a result of poor planning and implementation by key actors.
Authors analyze the involvement and commitment of stakeholders as refected in project outcomes and impacts and formulate recommendations on HRBA in various development pursuits. In particular, authors review whether institutional policy frameworks and operational guidelines reference human rights principles. Authors review the extent to which marginalized communities involved are ensured of access to their basic human rights through effective participation and consultations which require democratic ownership in stages of planning, implementation, and monitoring at the national, regional and global levels that ensure power holders are accountable to communities involved. Donor standards in selecting responsible contractors, particularly in infrastructure development programmes, are considered in terms of human rights compliance in relation to measured community-focused risks and benefts as opposed to proft-oriented agreements.
In light of the present global political context of neoliberal globalization with the domination of liberalization, privatization and deregulation policies, this publication, through experiences of featured key development actors, seeks to surface the state of human rights in global development, where priorities may be questionable. As global policies have advanced in identifying where focus on human rights need further efforts, studies in this publication put forward major gaps in HRBA as well as seek solutions in effectively protecting human rights, especially of the most vulnerable sectors of society where the grave impacts of the current global political landscape are more intensely felt.