Following the modern poverty scholars, IDRAC believes that beyond highly simplistic, reductionist and bureaucratic approaches, poverty is a complex and multidimensional phenomena that also needs to be analyzed from the poor’s own experiences along with technical and economic point of view. Poverty is characterized with the deprivation of fundamental needs as well as lack of assets and opportunities. Morbidity, hunger, ill-being, powerlessness, vulnerability, incapability, fragile abodes of living, lack of self-esteem and family feuds are common symptoms of poverty.
Given the lack of assets and immense scarcity of consumable and non-consumable goods, the poor are unable to maintain a decent standard of life. On top of that lack of public support, poor infrastructure, illiteracy, poor safety-nets and absence of social protection intensifies their day to day problems and miseries. Corrupt, exclusionary and discriminatory attitudes of the government multiples their poverty and hampers their own efforts to come out of poverty. That is why women, religious and ethnic minorities are relatively poorer all over the developing world. Under all the above reasons, they turn out to be highly susceptible to natural and socio-economic shifts and disasters. Therefore, assessing and identifying poverty from participatory methodologies and livelihood approaches can impart states and NGOs with better insights. It can suggest better ways and means to reduce poverty and empower the poor.
IDRAC believes that enhancing physical, educational and technical capabilities of the poor can help reducing poverty. Public entitlement, improved infrastructure, social protection and safety-nets can also enhance people’s ability to come out of poverty. Under the hazardous circumstances, building their assets, developing their abilities to cope with disasters and increasing their economic opportunities can not only help them to stave them off from distress and further sliding into poverty but can also help them minimizing their poverty.
Pakistan has always been having a dreary record in social sector. One of the major reasons of its wretched social sector is its disproportionally low spending on public sector development. Inattention of public institutions to eliminate poverty, exploitative aristocratic attitudes and discriminatory bureaucracy obstructs their access to social services and economic opportunities. In this reference, NGOs as well as the Government of Pakistan need to build the poor’s capabilities and human capital to enable them to secure their basic rights and entitlements. For appropriate policy interventions, there is a whole range of the poor’s risks, insecurities and vulnerabilities that need to be taken in to account. Improving law and order is also one of the major problems that need to be improved as it hurts the poor the most. Institutionalized and structured discrimination needs to be eliminated to be abrogated to eliminate poverty and vulnerability of the marginalized groups including the religious and ethnic groups.
IDRAC also believes that it is very difficult for the poor to come out of poverty exclusively on their own. Civil Society and the State need to collaborate to provide requisite support to pull them out of poverty. IDRAC is well placed, knowledgeable and skillful in facilitating pro-people and pro-poor NGOs and the state institutions to help them eliminating the menace of poverty from our country.